The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Pharmacology is the branch of science concernd with the investigation of medication action, where a medication can be extensively characterized as any man-made, characteristic, or endogenous (from inside body) atom which applies a biochemical and additionally physiological impact on the cell, tissue, organ, or living being (some of the time the word pharmacon is utilized as a term to envelop these endogenous and exogenous bioactive species). All the more particularly, it is the investigation of the associations that happen between a living life form and chemicals that influence typical or anomalous biochemical capacity. In the event that substances have therapeutic properties, they are considered pharmaceuticals.
- Track 1-1Scope
- Track 1-2Medicine development and safety testing
- Track 1-3Drug legislation and safety
- Track 1-4Nutritional deficiency and disorders
Pharmacology of vascular endothelium deals with alterations of endothelial cells and the vasculature play a central role in the pathogenesis of a broad spectrum of the most dreadful of human diseases, as endothelial cells have the key function of participating in the maintenance of patent and functional capillaries.
- Track 2-1Pharmacology of drugs affecting vascular tone and blood pressure
- Track 2-2Role of drugs in coronary circulation
- Track 2-3Drugs and the electrical conduction of the heart
- Track 2-4Drugs and the failing heart
- Track 2-5Pharmacology of the vascular endothelium
Clinical Pharmacology has been practiced for centuries through observing the effects of herbal remedies and early drugs on humans. The pharmacologic effect that a medication has on the body is known as pharmacodynamics. Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics parameters become important because of the association between host drug concentrations, microorganism eradication, and resistance. Since long scientific advances allowed scientists to come together with the study of physiological effects with biological effects Receptor theory for drug effects and its discovery with clinical pharmacology has stretched out to be a multidisciplinary field and has contributed to the findings of drug interaction, therapeutic effectiveness and safety. Drug interactions and pharmacological compatibilities include the study of pharmacokinetics that includes the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination of drugs. The pharmacologic effect that a medication has on the body is known as pharmacodynamics. Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics parameters become especially important because of the association between drug application, microorganism abolition, and resistance.
- Track 3-1Drug interactions and pharmacological compatibilities
- Track 3-2Clinical efficacy and safety evaluation
- Track 3-3Pharmacological treatment of chronic diseases
Neuropharmacology is the study of how drugs affect cellular function in the nervous system, and the neural mechanisms through which they influence behavior. There are two main branches of neuropharmacology, behavioral and molecular. Neuropharmacology is the study of how drugs affect cellular function in the nervous system, and the neural mechanisms through which they influence behavior. It is dealt with the interactions of neurotransmitters, neuropeptides, neuro hormones, neuromodulators, enzymes, second messengers, co-transporters, ion channels, and receptor proteins in the central and peripheral nervous systems.
- Track 4-1Dose response relation in psychiatric medications
- Track 4-2Alzheimerâ€™s and Parkinsonâ€™s disease
- Track 4-3Neurochemical interactions
- Track 4-4Molecular and Behavioral neuropharmacology
- Track 4-5Neuro signaling and its pathways
- Track 4-6Neurogenesis and repair
- Track 4-7Neuro Immune pharmacology and its associated diseases
- Track 4-8Psychotherapy and innovative psychopharmacological approaches
- Track 4-9Neurocognitive effects associated with therapeutic drugs
- Track 4-10Effect of androgenic anabolic steroids on psychosis
- Track 4-11Networked Multicellular Pharmacodynamics
Pediatric Pharmacology is in-depth knowledge on the effects of medicines in children came to prominence in recent years due to appreciable increase in publicly funded research and government initiatives towards providing financial incentives to industry. According to NCBI published article an independent analyses of the economic cost and return to industry of the pediatric exclusivity program showed that when research was conducted on nine drugs, the cost to industry ranged from $5 to $44 million, with a median of $12.3 million.
- Track 5-1Approaches to pediatric studies
- Track 5-2PK only approach
- Track 5-3PK and PD approach
- Track 5-4PK and efficacy approach
- Track 5-5Safety, efficacy and potency considerations
Ocular Pharmacology deals with basic and clinical research about biopharmaceuticals that have the potential to prevent, treat, and/or diagnose ocular diseases and disorders and its associated treatments. Ophthalmic diseases include those both analogous to systemic diseases and not analogous. Many anterior segment diseases are treated pharmacologically through eye drops, which have an implied therapeutic index of local therapy. Unlike administering pills for systemic diseases, eye drops require patients not only to adhere to treatment, but to be able to accurately perform - i.e., instill drops correctly.
- Track 6-1Glaucoma and its integrated treatments
- Track 6-2Ocular pharmacotherapy
- Track 6-3Ocular drug delivery
- Track 6-4Ocular ischemia
- Track 6-5Ocular inflammatory and immune disorders
Immunopharmacology is that area of pharmacological sciences dealing with the selective variation of specific immune responses and, in particular, of immune cell subsets. The first generation of immune-modulating agents included molecules drawn from oncology. The second generation, notably cyclosporine, exploited some natural agents able to block several signal transduction pathways. To deal with the expanding field of immunopharmacology, some limitations are required. However, in recent years, the advances about how the immune system works have identified several molecular targets suitable for more selective modulation of immune function. These targets can be broadly divided into surface molecules and soluble mediators. Surface molecules play a fundamental role in antigen recognition, immune response activation, homing and effector functions. Soluble mediators are involved in lymphocyte proliferation and differentiation, inflammatory response and cell recruitment.
- Track 7-1Autoimmunity & autoimmune disorders
- Track 7-2Immunotoxicology
- Track 7-3Innate Immunity
- Track 7-4Immunopathology
- Track 7-5Immunotherapy
Pharmacology for nurses is one of the most important elements in nursing education. It is the field is science that is related to management of drugs as per the disease profile of the patient. The pharmaceutical industry is directly impacted by the research conducted with prescription drugs, vaccines, and OTC drugs being manufactured based on findings from the study of life sciences. Clinical trials are conducted to ensure that products being developed are tested on how well they work on individuals affected by the diseases or conditions they are created to treat.
- Track 8-1Clinical nursing
- Track 8-2Nursing Implications
- Track 8-3Women and cardiac diseases
- Track 8-4Health promotion/Disease prevention
Molecular pharmacology deals with understanding the molecular basis for the actions of drugs and the characteristics of interactions between drug molecules and those of the substrates of drug action in the cell. The methods of molecular pharmacology include precise mathematical, physical, chemical, molecular biological and all biochemical and cell biological techniques to understand how cells respond to hormones or pharmacologic agents, and how chemical structure correlates with biological activity.
- Track 9-1Molecular Signaling / Mechanism of Drug Action
- Track 9-2Chemical Biology / Drug Discovery
- Track 9-3Structure of Drug-Receptor Complex
- Track 9-4Systems Analysis of Drug Action
- Track 9-5Drug Transport / Metabolism
Development of medication is a vital concern to medicine. The metabolic stability and the reactivity of a library of candidate drug compounds have to be assessed for drug metabolism and toxicological studies. Many methods of pharmacological tests have been proposed for quantitative predictions in drug metabolism.
- Track 10-1Advances in stress test
- Track 10-2Advances in nuclear stress test
- Track 10-3Advances in pharmacological testing
- Track 10-4Safety pharmacology
Ethnopharmacology is a study or comparison of the traditional medicine practiced by various ethnic groups, and especially by indigenous peoples. The word ethnomedicine is sometimes used as a synonym for traditional medicine. Ethnomedical research is interdisciplinary; in its study of traditional medicines, it applies the methods of ethnobotany and medical anthropology. Often, the medicine traditions it studies are preserved only by oral tradition. Scientific ethnomedical studies constitute either anthropological research or drug discovery research. Anthropological studies examine the cultural perception and context of a traditional medicine. The purpose of drug discovery research is to identify and develop a marketable pharmaceutical product.
- Track 11-1Clinical ethnopharmacy
- Track 11-2Ethnopharmaceutics
- Track 11-3Ethnopharmacological sources
- Track 11-4Study of modern pharmaceuticals
- Track 11-5Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
- Track 11-6Ethnotaxonomy
Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics parameters become important because of the association between host drug concentrations, microorganism eradication, and resistance. The Pharmaceutical industry's long successful strategy of placing big bets on a few molecules, promoting them heavily and turning them into blockbusters worked well for many years, but its R&D productivity has now plummeted and the environment’s changing. Drug biotransformation reactions. Pharmacokinetics influences decisions over the route of administration. For drugs to produce their effects they must interact with the body. This can happen in many ways and depends on the properties of the drug, and will be discussed later in this chapter. Pharmacokinetics influences decisions over the route of administration. The processes that occur after drug administration can be broken down into four distinct areas (known as ADME) Absorption of the drug, Distribution of the drug molecules, Metabolism of the parent drug and Excretion or elimination of the drug and its metabolites.
- Track 12-1Pharmacokinetic models
- Track 12-2Bioavailability
- Track 12-3Population pharmacokinetics
- Track 12-4Multicellular pharmacodynamics
- Track 12-5Toxicodynamics
- Track 12-6Pharmacokinetic aspects
- Track 12-7Drug interactions and pharmacological compatibilities
- Track 12-8Receptor theory for drug effects
- Track 12-9Clinical efficacy and safety evaluation
- Track 12-10Novel options for the pharmacological treatment of chronic diseases
- Track 12-11Drug biotransformation reactions
- Track 12-12Clinical pharmacokinetics
Liposomes and nanoparticles: Nanoscale drug delivery systems using liposomes and nanoparticles are rising technologies for the rational delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs in the treatment various ailments. Nanoparticles present possible dangers, both medically and environmentally. The pharmaceutical industry is directly impacted by the research conducted with prescription drugs, vaccines, and OTC drugs being manufactured based on findings from the study of life sciences. Clinical trials are conducted to ensure that products being developed are tested on how well they work on individuals affected by the diseases or conditions they are created to treat.
- Track 13-1Pharmacometrics
- Track 13-2Liposomes and nanoparticles
- Track 13-3Epigenetic mechanisms of importance for drug treatment
Toxicology is the scientific study of adverse effects that occur in living organisms due to chemicals. It involves observing and reporting symptoms, mechanisms, detection and treatments of toxic substances, in particular relation to the poisoning of humans. It includes environmental agents and chemical compounds found in nature, as well as pharmaceutical compounds that are synthesized for medical use by humans. These substances may produce toxic effects in living organisms including disturbance in growth patterns, discomfort, disease and death. LD50 is a common term used in toxicology, which refers to the dose of a substance that displays toxicity in that it kills 50% of a test population. In scientific research, rats or other surrogates are usually used to determine toxicity and the data are extrapolated to use by humans.
- Track 14-1Emergent Contaminants
- Track 14-2Regulatory toxicology
- Track 14-3Toxicokinetics
- Track 14-4Toxicologic Pathology
- Track 14-5Plant toxicology
Pharmacogenetics refers to how variation in one single gene influences the response to a single drug and Pharmacogenomics refers to how all of the genes (the genome) can influence responses to drugs. The general feature of these diverse lesions is that two nucleotides on opposite strands are joined covalently. Mutagenicity and carcinogenicity are clearly correlated. Understanding the specificity of mutagens in bacteria has led to the direct implication of certain environmental mutagens in the causation of human cancers Recent advances in DNA repair are DNA inter strand cross-links (ICLs) are lesions caused by a variety of endogenous metabolites, ecological exposures, and cancer chemotherapeutic agents that have two reactive groups. The general feature of these diverse lesions is that two nucleotides on opposite strands are joined covalently. Mutagenicity and carcinogenicity are clearly correlated. The somatic mutation theory of cancer holds that these agents cause cancer by causing the mutation of somatic cells. A unique feature of inter-strand cross-links repair is that both strands of DNA must be incised to completely remove the lesion. Drug dosing guidelines accomplished in sequential steps to prevent creating multiple double-strand breaks. Understanding the specificity of mutagens in bacteria has led to the direct implication of certain environmental mutagens in the causation of human cancers.
- Track 15-1Cancer pharmcogenetics
- Track 15-2Pharmacognosy
- Track 15-3Pharmacology of drugs affecting vascular tone and blood pressure
- Track 15-4Pharmacology of the Vascular endothelium
- Track 15-5Recent advances in variant-disease pairs
- Track 15-6Drug dosing guidelines
- Track 15-7Mutagenecity- its implications in cancer following chemotherapy
- Track 15-8Pharamcogenetic approach involved in modulating cell processes
- Track 15-9Recent advances in DNA repair
- Track 15-10Methods To determine biological targeting
- Track 15-11Molecular epidemiology and its biomarkers
- Track 15-12Molecular pathological epidemiology
- Track 15-13Pharmacovigilance and post marketing surveillance
- Track 15-14Adverse event reporting system
Pharmacology is the branch of science worried with the investigation of medication action, where a medication can be extensively characterized as any man-made, characteristic, or endogenous (from inside body) atom which applies a biochemical and additionally physiological impact on the cell, tissue, organ, or living being (some of the time the word pharmacon is utilized as a term to envelop these endogenous and exogenous bioactive species). All the more particularly, it is the investigation of the associations that happen between a living life form and chemicals that influence typical or anomalous biochemical capacity. In the event that substances have therapeutic properties, they are considered pharmaceuticals.
- Track 16-1Clinical Pharmacology
- Track 16-2Neuro Pharmacology
- Track 16-3Systems Pharmacology
- Track 16-4Theoretical Pharmacology
- Track 16-5Dental Pharmacology